NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions

NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions

NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions

Discussion Part Two (graded)

Physical examination:

Vital Signs:

Height:  5’8” Weight: 188 pounds BMI: 28.58    BP: 130/70    T: 99.0 oral    P: 72 regular    R: 24, pursed-lip breathing; Pain level-7-right shoulder
HEENT: Normocephalic, symmetric. PERRLA, EOMI, cerumen impaction bilateral ears.

NECK: Neck supple; non-palpable lymph nodes; no carotid bruits.
LUNGS: Labored respirations; posterior RLL, LLL, RML, LML diminished breath sounds. Rhonchi right and left anterior chest. NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions

HEART: RRR with regular without S3, S4, murmurs or rubs.

ABDOMEN: Normal contour; active bowel sounds, LLQ tenderness.

PV: Diminished pedal pulses; hair loss noted over extremities.


GENITOURINARY:  Urinary dribbling, urgency, gets up 4 times during the night, distended bladder.

MUSCULOSKELETAL: Limited ROM in right shoulder. Crepitus in knees bilaterally. NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions

PSYCH: Negative 

SKIN: Negative

Discussion Part Two:

Summarize the history and results of the physical exam. Discuss the differential diagnosis and rationale for choosing the primary diagnosis. Include one evidence-based journal article that supports your rationale and include a complete treatment plan that includes medications, possible referrals, patient education, ICD 10 Codes, and plan for follow up. NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions

Discussion Part One (graded)

C.W. is a tall, thin 78-year-old African American male brought into the office by his son who states that the patient is restless, angry, and has been unable to sleep for the last week. The son indicates that he is very concerned about his father because he lives alone. Also, he is concerned about the “strange” symptoms that his father has presented with recently. NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions


C.W. presents as restless, hyperverbal, obnoxious and angry. He expresses himself by periodic yelling. He is unkempt and smells strongly of urine, alcohol and body odor. ………… has an unsteady gait and sways while standing. As you converse with the son, you determine that C.W. was medically separated from military service due to mental health issues after 2 years of active duty that ended in 1947. NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions

He has been married and divorced three times over the years. He typically seeks no acute or preventative medical care. ___ was treated by a psychiatrist previously, but he did not like taking the prescribed medications so he stopped taking them and did not keep any further psychiatric appointments.  


Patient denies any previous diagnoses. However, when asked why he saw a psychiatrist in the past, he tells you that the psychiatrist diagnosed paranoid schizophrenia, but that he does not have any psychiatric diagnoses or problems. He states: “It was just a way for him to make money off me coming in and seeing him and paying the drug companies for me to take all those meds!”  NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions

Current medications: 

Denies prescription medications, over the counter medication, herbal therapies or vitamins.  


Denies surgeries 

Allergies: NKA

Vaccination History:

Flu vaccine: never given

Pneumovax: never given

Tetanus: never given

Herpes zoster: never given 

Screening History:

Last Colonoscopy was 2012-normal

Last dilated retinal and glaucoma exam was 2013 

Social history and Risk Factors:

Patient admits to smoking cigarettes and cigars. …… estimates that he smokes about 1 pack of cigarettes daily for the last 40 years, and 2 cigars each week for the last 30 years.

He states that he drinks a 24 ounce bottle of beer 4-6 times a week. … denies drinking wine or hard liquor. …….. does admit to smoking marijuana on occasion but does not use other recreational drugs.
Patient denies falling. You notice some scrapes on his forearms, and when asked, he tells you that he fell yesterday: “I got pretty drunk out fishin’ with friends and fell off my bike trying to ride home”. He does not use any assistive devices for ambulation or balance. NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions

Significant ROS:

Productive cough with white sputum. Denies hemoptysis.

He answers “No” to the PHQ-2 screening questions. 

Family history:

Reports no significant family history

Discussion Part One:

Provide differential diagnoses (DD) with rationale.
Further ROS questions needed to develop DD.
Based on the patient data provided, choose geriatric assessment tools that would be appropriate to use in conducting a thorough geriatric assessment. Provide a rationale on why you are choosing these particular tools. NR 601 Case Study Physical Examination ​Discussions