Cognitive & Behavioral Interventions in the Treatment of HIV Essay

Cognitive & Behavioral Interventions in the Treatment of HIV Essay

Cognitive & Behavioral Interventions in the Treatment of HIV Essay

Unlike cancer which originates within the body, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an infectious disease caused by an invading virus. HIV is destructive in its ability to render the immune system vulnerable to other opportunistic infections such as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and autoimmune diseases such as cancer. Similar to certain cancers, HIV and ultimately AIDS are directly linked to modifiable lifestyle behaviors. Due to the use of antiretroviral treatments, AIDS is now considered a chronic but manageable disease. Consider how cognitive/behavioral interventions might assist in the treatment and management of symptoms for this disease.


For this Assignment, select a cognitive/behavioral intervention that might be used as treatment for HIV. Search the Walden Library and select three articles that support the use of that intervention as treatment for HIV.

The Assignment (3–5 pages):

Submit an APA-formatted essay that includes the following:

  • A description of the cells involved in the HIV virus
  • An explanation of influences that the HIV virus has on cell levels and cell functioning for those cells
  • A description of the cognitive/behavioral intervention you selected.
  • An explanation of how the cognitive/behavioral intervention you selected is used in treatment for HIV, referencing the articles you selected to support the use of that cognitive/behavioral intervention

You are to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.


  • Contrada, R. J. (2011). The handbook of stress science: Biology, psychology, and health. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, LLC.
    • Review Chapter 28, “Stress and the Heart: Psychosocial Stress and Coronary Heart Disease” (pp. 385–398)
    • Review Chapter 30, “Stress and the Cancers” (pp. 411–423)
    • Chapter 35, “Stress and Chronic Disease Management” (pp. 487–500)
  • Kendall-Tackett, K. (Ed.). (2010). The psychoneuroimmunology of chronic disease: Exploring the links between inflammation, stress and illness. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
    • Chapter 8, “Allostasis: A Model for Women’s Health” (pp. 183–218)
  • Schnurr, P. P., & Green, B. L. (Eds.). (2004). Trauma and health: Physical health consequences of exposure to extreme stress. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Copyright 2004 by Trauma and health: physical health consequences of exposure to extreme stress. Used by permission of AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (BOOKS) via the Copyright Clearance Center.

  • Fagundes, C. P., Bennett, J. M., Alfano, C. M., Glaser, R., Povoski, S. P., Lipari, A. M., …Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K. (2012). Social support and socioeconomic status interact to predict Epstein-Barr virus latency in women awaiting diagnosis or newly diagnosed with breast cancer. Health Psychology, 31(1), 11–19.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Kendall-Tackett, K. (2009). Psychological trauma and physical health: A psychoneuroimmunology approach to etiology of negative health effects and possible interventions. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 1(1), 35–48.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Reiche, E. M., Morimoto, H. K., & Nunes, S. M. (2005). Stress and depression-induced immune dysfunction: Implications for the development and progression of cancer. International Review of Psychiatry, 17(6), 515–527.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Todd, P. B. (2008). The psychoneuroimmunological database for psychological interventions in HIV infection. Gay & Lesbian Issues & Psychology Review, 4(2), 141–147.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • AIDS Info. (n. d.). Information on HIV/AIDS treatment, prevention, and research. Retrieved from
  • National Institutes of Health. (2011). Health information: Cancer (general). Retrieved from

Optional Resources

  • Argaman, M., Gidron, Y., & Ariad, S. (2005). Interleukin-1 may link helplessness-hopelessness with cancer progression: A proposed model. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12(3), 161–170.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Garssen, B., Boomsmaa, M. F., & Beelen, R. H. J. (2010). Psychological factors in immunomodulation induced by cancer surgery: A review. In Biological Psychology, 85(1), 1–13.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • McCain, N. L., Gray, D. P., Walter, J. M., & Robins, J. (2005). Implementing a comprehensive approach to the study of health dynamics using the psychoneuroimmunology paradigm. Advances in Nursing Science, 28(4), 320–332.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • O’Cleirigh, C., Safren, S., (2008). Optimizing the effects of stress management interventions in HIV. Health Psychology, 27(3), 297–301.
  • Yarnell, E., & Abascal, K. (2008). Holistic approaches to prostate cancer. Alternative & Complementary Therapies, 14(4), 164–180.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Aguirre, J. C. (2012, July 13). Generic drugs make dent in global AIDS pandemic [Blog post]. Retrieved from
  • AIDS.GOV. (n. d.). Retrieved from
  • World Health Organization. (2012). HIV/AIDS. Retrieved from